Not all servers nowadays have a DVD player installed. Sometimes it is handy to boot from USB and installing a single VMware ESXi server. Here’s a example how to make the USB stick bootable and install VMware ESXi 4.1 from it by using Windows.
- Need 1GB USB memory stick or more.
- Download the VMware ESXi 4.1 ISO named VMware-VMvisor-Installer-4.1.0-260247.x86_64.iso (In this example I used the VMware vSphere Hypervisor version).
Update: The latest version of VMware ESXi is 4.1 Update 1 (VMware-VMvisor-Installer-4.1.0.update1-348481.x86_64.iso). It solves the “Total number of sectors” bug in VMware ESXi 4.1. It is recommend to use this version so the “mod.tgz” workaround isn’t needed anymore!
- Download Syslinux, can be found by clicking on the following link. Download the latest Syslinux zip file (when writing this article syslinux-4.02.zip was the latest).
Update: Also tested Syslinux version 4.03.
Stick the USB stick on a free USB port on your computer equipped with a Windows OS. For this example I used Windows7 as Operating System. Clear the USB stick and create a partition on it by using the following command’s:
- Open the command prompt and enter the following commands:
To make the USB stick bootable:
- Extract the Syslinux ZIP and browse to the the \syslinux\win32 folder, execute “syslinux [drive letter USB stick]”, example syslinux f:
- Mount the ISO and copy all the content of the VMware ESXi 4.1 ISO to the USB stick. For mounting the ISO, I used ‘Deamon Tools Lite’ tool.
- Rename the isolinux.cfg file to syslinux.cfg
- Edit the syslinux.cfg and add ks=usb and on the end of the append line — mod.tgz (beware of the space between — and the mod.tgz).
Update: When using VMware ESXi 4.1 Update 1 the mod.tgz line doesn’t need to append!
- Create a ks.cfg file in the root from the UBS stick. For example:
- Copy the syslinux-4.02\com32\mboot\mboot.c32 file the USB stick (overwrite the old file on the USB stick)
- Copy the syslinux-4.02\com32\menu\menu.c32 file the USB stick (overwrite the old file on the USB stick)
The bootable VMware ESXi 4.1 stick is ready for use. When booting the USB stick the following message is displayed “Total number of sectors not a multiple of sectors per track! Add mtools_skip_check=1 to your .mtoolsrc file to skip this test”.
Update: When using VMware ESXi 4.1 Update 1 this bug is fixed. You’re ready to use the USB stick!
On the VMware communities I found the following post. This post states a manual solution by using the following commands:
- Press ALT-F1
- Login by using the root account with no password
- echo “mtools_skip_check=1”>.\mtoolsrc
- ALT+F2 and return to the orginal Console window
- Press ENTER or wait to continue
To automate the above solution read the following blogpost “VMware ESX 4.1 install using Western Digital USB Hard Drive” . By using this blogpost I created a mod.tgz file by using the following commands from a full installation of VMware ESXi 4.1:
- Login the VMware ESXi 4.1 console
- Make a directory in the root for example mkdir temp
- cd temp
- mkdir –p etc/vmware/init/init.d/
- cd etc/vmware/init/init.d/
- vi 47.mtoolshack
- Save the fi using the command :wq in VI
- cd /temp
- tar czvf mod.tgz etc
- SCP the file mod.tgz file to the USB stick
The mod.tgz can also downloaded, so the above steps can be skiped. On the end of this article is a download link for the mod.tgz.
The mod.tgz contains an init script which skips the mtools check. Now you’re ready to boot your server with the USB stick and your able to install VMware ESXi 4.1.
Update : When using VMware ESXi 4.1 Update 1 there is no need to add the mod.tgz because this bug is fixed.